Tuesday, June 13, 2006

Otis Redding

Otis Ray Redding, Jr. (September 9, 1941 – December 10, 1967) was an influential Black-American deep soul singer, best known for his passionate delivery and posthumous hit single, "(Sittin' On) the Dock of the Bay."

Early Life
Redding was born in the small town of Dawson, Georgia. At the age of 5, he moved with his family to Macon, Georgia. He sang in the choir of the Vineville Baptist Church, and became something of a local celebrity as a teenager after winning a local Sunday night talent show 15 weeks in a row.

In 1960, Redding began touring the South with Johnny Jenkins and The Pinetoppers. That same year he made his first recordings, "She's All Right" and "Shout Bamalama" with this group under the name "Otis and The Shooters".
In 1962, he made his first real mark in the music business during a Johnny Jenkins session when he recorded "These Arms of Mine," a ballad that Redding himself had written. The song became a minor hit on Volt Records, a subsidiary of renowned "Southern soul" label Stax, based in Memphis, Tennessee. His manager was fellow Maconite Phil Walden (who later founded Capricorn Records). Otis Redding continued to release for Stax/Volt, and built his fanbase by extensively touring a legendarily electrifying live show with support from fellow Stax artists Sam and Dave. Further hits between 1964 and 1966 included "Mr. Pitiful", "I Can't Turn You Loose", "Try a Little Tenderness", "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" (The Rolling Stones song), and "Respect" (later a smash hit for Aretha Franklin).
Redding wrote many of his own songs, which was unusual for the time, often with Steve Cropper (of Stax house band Booker T & the MG's, who usually served as Otis' backing band in the studio). Soul singer Jerry Butler co-wrote another hit "I've Been Loving You Too Long". One of his few songs with a significant mainstream following was "Tramp" (1967) with Carla Thomas. Later that year, Redding played at the massively influential Monterey Pop Festival.

Redding and six others were killed when the plane on which they were traveling crashed into Lake Monona in Madison, Wisconsin on December 10, 1967. Ben Cauley, one of the members of Redding's backup band, The Bar-Kays, was the only person aboard the plane to survive. He had been asleep until just seconds before impact, and recalled that upon waking he saw bandmate Phalon Jones look out a window and say, "Oh, no!" Cauley then unbuckled his seat belt, and that was his final recollection before finding himself in the frigid waters of the lake, grasping a seat cushion to keep himself afloat. Otis Redding's body was recovered when the lakebed was dragged with a grappling hook and photos exist of his body being brought out of the water. [1] The cause of the crash was never precisely determined.
Redding was laid to rest in a tomb on his private ranch in Round Oak, Georgia, about 20 miles north of Macon.

After death
"(Sittin' on) the Dock of the Bay" was recorded only three days prior to Redding's death. It was released the next month and became his first #1 single and first million-seller. The fact that "(Sittin' on) the Dock of the Bay" ultimately became Redding's greatest commercial success is somewhat ironic, not only because its release came after his death, but also because the song is actually a significant stylistic departure from the bulk of his other work.
A few further records were posthumously released, including "Hard to Handle" (1968).
His sons Dexter and Otis III founded together with cousin Mark Locket the funk/disco-band "The Reddings" in the late 1970s.
In 2002, the city of Macon honored its native son, unveiling a memorial statue of Redding in the city's Gateway Park.

Download sample of "Mr. Pitiful"


Pain in My Heart (1964, Atco) US: #103 UK: #28
The Great Otis Redding Sings Soul Ballads (1965, Volt) US: #75 UK: #30
Otis Blue (1965) US: #75 UK: #6
The Soul Album (1966) US: #54 UK: #22
Complete & Unbelievable: The Otis Redding Dictionary of Soul (1966) US: #73 UK: #23
King & Queen (1967) with Carla Thomas US: #36 UK: #18
Live in Europe (1967) US: #32 UK: #14
The Dock of the Bay (1968) US: #4 UK: #1
History of Otis Redding (1968) US: #9 UK: #2
The Immortal Otis Redding (1968, Atco) US: #58 UK: #19
In Person at the Whiskey A Go-Go (1968) US: #82
Love Man (1969) US: #46
Tell the Truth (1970) US: #200
Live at the Monterey International Pop Festival (1971, Reprise) US: #16
The Best of Otis Redding (1972) US: #76
The Very Best of Otis Redding (2000) UK: #26

"Shout Bamalama" (1961)
"Gettin' Hip" (1961, Alshire)
"These Arms of Mine" (1962, Volt) R&B: #20 US: #85
"That's What My Heart Needs" (1963) R&B: #27
"Pain in My Heart" (1963) US: #61
"Come to Me" (1964) US: #69
"Security" (1964) US: #97
"Chained and Bound" (1964) US: #70
"Mr. Pitiful" (1964) R&B: #10 US: #41
"Stand By Me" (1964)
"Things Go Better With Coke..." (A Man And A Woman) [1964 Commercial]
"I've Been Loving You Too Long" (1965) R&B: #2 US: #21
"Just One More Day" (1965) b-side of I've Been... R&B: #15 US: #85
"Respect" (1965) R&B: #4 US: #35
"That's How Strong My Love Is" (1965) R&B: #18 US: #74
"I Can't Turn You Loose" (1965) R&B: #11 UK: #29
"My Girl" (1965)
"(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" (1966) R&B: #4 US: #31 UK: #33
"My Lover's Prayer" (1966) R&B: #10 US: #61 UK: #37
"Fa-Fa-Fa-Fa-Fa (Sad Song)" (1966) R&B: #12 US: #29 UK: #23
"Try a Little Tenderness" (1967) R&B: #4 US: #25
"I Love You More Than Words Can Say" (1967) R&B: #30 US: #78
"Shake" (1967) R&B: #16 US: #47 UK: #28
"Glory of Love" (1967) R&B: #19 US: #60
"Tramp" (1967, Stax) with Carla Thomas R&B: #2 US: #26 UK: #18
"Knock on Wood" (1967) with Carla Thomas R&B: #8 US: #30 UK: #35
"(Sittin' On) the Dock of the Bay" (1968, Volt) R&B: #1 US: #1 UK: #3
"The Happy Song (Dum-Dum)" (1968) R&B: #10 US: #25 UK: #24
"Amen" (1968, Atco) R&B: #15 US: #36
"Hard to Handle" (1968) b-side of Amen R&B: #38 US: #51 UK: #15
"I've Got Dreams to Remember" (1968) R&B: #6 US: #41
"Lovey Dovey" (1968, Stax) with Carla Thomas R&B: #21 US: #60
"White Christmas" (1968, Atco)
"Merry Christmas, Baby" (1968) b-side of White Christmas US: #9
"Papa's Got a Brand New Bag" (1968) R&B: #10 US: #21
"When Something is Wrong With My Baby" (1969) with Carla Thomas
"A Lover's Question" (1969) R&B: #20 US: #48
"Love Man" (1969) R&B: #17 US: #72
"Free Me" (1969) R&B: #30
"Look at That Girl" (1969)
"Demonstration" (1969)
"Give Away None of My Love" (1970)
"I've Been Loving You Too Long (Live)" (1971)

External links
http://www.otisredding.com official site
Otis Redding at All Music Guide
Otis Redding at the Internet Movie Database
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otis_Redding"
Categories: 1941 births 1967 deaths American male singers American songwriters Accidents and incidents in general aviation Entertainers who died in their 20s People from Georgia (U.S. state) Plane crash victims Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees Soul musicians



Blogger ichbinalj said...

Aretha Franklin is the greatest singer in Rock n' Roll era, acccording to a new Rolling Stone magazine poll.

She's already the Queen of Soul, but now Aretha Franklin has been named the greatest singer of the rock era in a poll conducted by Rolling Stone magazine.

Franklin, 66, came in ahead of Ray Charles at No. 2, Elvis Presley at No. 3, Sam Cooke at No. 4 and John Lennon at No. 5, according to the magazine's survey of 179 musicians, producers, Rolling Stone editors, and other music-industry insiders.

The 100-strong list will be published on Friday 14 November 2008, when Rolling Stone hits the newsstands with four different covers. (11/11/2008 Reuters)

1:01 PM  

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